In India, air quality has been improving despite the COVID-19 lockdown

India is home to some of the world’s most polluted cities. An unintended but welcomeshutterstock_761795974 consequence of the lockdown to contain the coronavirus has been improved air quality throughout the country.  Our assessment of India’s air quality trends has found another underlying and positive trend: air quality has been improving across the country since 2018, and this has nothing to do with the COVID-19 lockdown. 

Growing Threat of Air Pollution

Poor air quality has come to be recognized as a serious health risk and drag on economic development in India. Air quality has been deteriorating across the country since the 1990s, and in 2017 as much as 97 percent of the country’s population was estimated to be exposed to unhealthy levels of ambient PM2.5.  Though there are many types of air pollutants, these small particulates in the air, about one-thirtieth the width of a human hair, are the most harmful to human health.  They can penetrate deep into the lungs, enter the bloodstream and cause deadly illnesses such as lung cancer, stroke, and heart disease.

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In India, women’s self-help groups combat the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic

Meeting the shortfall in masks, sanitizers and protective equipmentSHG-Didis-Fight-Corona-India-2

Now, more than ever, these women – many of whom escaped poverty through the SHG route and know what it is like to be destitute and poor – are living up to their motto of self-help and solidarity.

Groups across the country are working furiously to make up the shortfall of masks and personal protective equipment (PPE). In Odisha, for instance, poor rural women who were once engaged in stitching school uniforms are sewing masks instead. Over the past couple of weeks, these women have produced more than 1 million cotton masks, helping equip police personnel and health workers, while earning something for themselves.

All told, more than 19 million masks have been produced by some 20,000 SHGs across 27 Indian states, in addition to over 100,000 liters of sanitizer and nearly 50,000 liters of hand wash. Since production is decentralized, these items have reached widely-dispersed populations without the need for complex logistics and transportation.

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eC2: Improving access to sustainable water and sanitation services in rural areas of Punjab.

Deadline: 24-Feb-2020 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.) waterkraan-nieuws-header

The World Bank is assisting the government of Punjab in improving access to sustainable water and sanitation services in rural areas. The project will provide water and sanitation infrastructure as well as a range of behavior change interventions at the household and community levels. Assessment will be for 28-30 selected villages across project tehsil. Study villages will be provided to the firm. Study villages will be provided to the firm. Key areas of work of this assignment are:
1. Assess ground water availability and quality for domestic use, from a technical, cost effectiveness and resource sustainability perspective.
2. Examine shallow aquifer characteristics on canal banks to determine the reliability of canal water as a source of ground water recharge for water supply provision.
3. Advise on the minimum distance between adjacent tube wells on canal bank (for the pre-identified canals) and optimum rate of abstraction for resource sustainability.
4. Conduct a shallow groundwater salinity assessment
5. Conduct Water Quality testing
6. Feasibility study report capturing the various scenarios and technological options, and the preliminary cost estimates;
7. Preliminary designs of all the technological options for the selected villages detailing the technical requirements, and financial and economic analyses.

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eC2: INDIA: Due Diligence for Installing Floating Solar Project in Omkareshwar Reservoir, Madhya Pradesh

Deadline: 25-Nov-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)

Madhya Pradesh, the central state of India, has been in the forefront to contribute

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significantly towards promotion of clean energy solutions in the country as well as globally. To take such initiatives forward, Government of MP through its agency Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Limited (RUMS) – has requested the World Bank to support them on new technologies such as floating solar. On request of the Government of India, World Bank is already supporting Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI), under Innovations in Solar Power & Hybrid technologies project, to invest in early demonstration projects but with an objective to also build a robust pipeline of such projects while developing the policy and regulatory ecosystem. As part of deepening the market for floating solar projects in the country, engagement with MP will be an important step. This is specifically important as lack of experience in deploying several of these technologies in India, and globally, at scale is considered as a major constraint by various developers, financiers and other stakeholders.
World Bank will support RUMS and Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation (NHDC) in exploring potential of floating solar project in one of the states water bodies Omkareshwar Dam in Khandwa district of MP.

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eC2: Enabling Private Sector Participation in Electricity Distribution

Deadline: 14-Nov-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)

U.S. Electricity Output Rose 6.2% From A Year Earlier

Policy makers acknowledge the role of private sector in distribution but would want to understand business models that may be suitable considering the local context of states in India. Till date only two cases of private sector participation in the Indian electricity distribution (under Licensee mode) have been tried in the states of Delhi and Odisha with mixed results. Beyond these two examples, other models of private sector participation (PSP) such as distribution franchises are also prevalent in the country and have met with mixed results. Further, Govt. of India in the past had also drafted an amendment bill to Electricity Act for introducing carriage and content separation, which may be another approach to encourage competition in the electricity distribution sector.

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eC2: Solid Waste Management Consultant

Deadline: 11-Nov-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.) solid waste

The overall scope of work involves providing technical advice and support to the team on municipal solid waste management including policy, regulatory and institutional issues, developing plans and strategies for addressing service delivery and infrastructure issues in sustainable manner, review of technical documents and designs, ToRs for hiring of consultants, bid documents and other outputs, and advising the Bank team regarding the design and engineering aspects of the various infrastructure interventions on solid waste management.

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eC2: Consulting Assignment for a Consulting Firm for the Better Life Farming Alliance Project in India

Deadline: 03-Oct-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)Picture1

The Consulting Firm is required to undertake the following activities under the assignment which will be divided into two phases. The second phase of the assignment will be extended to the Consulting Firm contingent on satisfactory delivery and submission of all deliverables outlined under the scope of Phase I.
PHASE I : Under Phase I, the Consulting Firm will provide support in the design of the technical assistance and capacity building strategy of the project.
PHASE II: The second phase of the project will primarily be on the design of the training modules by IFC and delivery of entrepreneur trainings on ground based on TNA.

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eC2: India: Battery Storage assessment at state-level transmission and distribution (for selected states)

Deadline: 03-Sep-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)index

Objectives of this assignment: This assignment will be undertaken in three to four states (yet to be identified ) and the main objectives of this assignment are a) Examine the value proposition and associated business cases for BESS in distribution and intra-state transmission system for current conditions and then under a range of scenarios over the next 5 years.  b) Identify the technical, economic, and regulatory conditions that would realize the potential role of BESS in distribution and intra-state transmission systems in the selected states c) Identify high potential immediate applications [along with sizing/ location/ business model details] for BESS in current conditions at the transmission and distribution levels in the selected states; d) Prepare model documents for implementation of the identified BESS project at intra-state transmission and distribution level.

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eC2: A Roadmap for Developing the Wholesale Power Market in India.

Deadline: 27-Jul-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.) photo-power-plant

The three priority areas that need to be addressed are: increase liquidity in the short-term trade; adequate mechanisms to support integration of large scale variable renewable energy (VRE) and inclusion of frequency control ancillary services (FCAS) in the wholesale market. The Ministry of Power, Government of India, has therefore decided to prepare a Roadmap for Developing the Wholesale Power Market in India with a focus to assess the current power market scenario in India, review of international experience and prepare a phased plan to support the transition of Indian power market. This transition is expected to cover all three facets discussed briefly above, namely, (a) enhance the volume and percentage of trade in the short-term market relative to long-term counterparts while moving from a regulated regime to a near real-time, (b) support the overall objective of increasing the mix of green energy in the grid and optimizing dispatch, and (c) develop co-optimized FCAS market to ensure the market retains the security of the power system. The assignment would also cover design of appropriate financial instruments to support the new market mechanism and replace traditional power purchase agreements (PPA)/Feed-in Tariffs for renewables and the related policy and regulatory changes. The Ministry of Power has requested the World Bank to support this activity.
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eC2: Strategic Assessment of Solid Waste Management Services and Systems in Kerala

Deadline: 24-Jun-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)

The objective of this assignment is to conduct a strategic assessment of the Solid Waste solid wasteManagement (SWM)services, policies and systems in Kerala to inform the design of the proposed Kerala Urban Service Delivery Project (KUSDP). The consultant will be required to undertake a strategic assessment of policy, institutional, governance, technical/service delivery and financial aspects and provide recommendations on the potential solutions/models to fill the existing gaps to inform the project design of KUSDP.

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