Understanding the “new rurality” in Latin America and what it means to the water and sanitation sector

Despite the urbanization trends seen in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC), it seems 23845439171_fb7b1102e1_othat the rural population in LAC is decreasing in relative terms. In 2001, official figures indicated that 125 million people in LAC resided in rural areas representing 24% of the total LAC population. In 2013, this value decreased to 21% (130 million out of a total population of 609 million inhabitants), and it is estimated that by 2030, the rural population will decrease to represent 16.5% of the total (CEPAL, 2014).

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eC2: Strategic Assessment of Solid Waste Management Services and Systems in Kerala

Deadline: 24-Jun-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)

The objective of this assignment is to conduct a strategic assessment of the Solid Waste solid wasteManagement (SWM)services, policies and systems in Kerala to inform the design of the proposed Kerala Urban Service Delivery Project (KUSDP). The consultant will be required to undertake a strategic assessment of policy, institutional, governance, technical/service delivery and financial aspects and provide recommendations on the potential solutions/models to fill the existing gaps to inform the project design of KUSDP.

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Is the urban water and sanitation sector frozen in time?

Blog by Caroline van den Berg, World Bank Group

If time travel were possible, and an engineer from the 1860s could travel in time to 2019, sewage_pipes_under_london_19th_century_wellcome_l0000616he (the first female engineer had not graduated yet) would not recognize much of the technology we have today.  Personal computers, cell phones, cars, planes, and antibiotics would probably be unfathomable to him.   But he would definitely recognize our current piped water and sanitation (WSS) infrastructure, as it looks and operates almost exactly the same as it did 150 years ago.  Certainly, there have been significant improvements in the sector, especially in water and wastewater treatment, but the principles on which the piped WSS technology is based have not seen any fundamental changes since the 1860s, when it was (re)introduced on a large scale.

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In Bangladesh, new latrines meet a tested business model

In a tiny hamlet called Shinglab in Gazipur district, around 2 hours from Dhaka, you can shamila-bdsee a cluster of homes made of varying materials depending on the household income.

Shamela Hakeem, 40, lives in a functional mud hut with a tin roof. A widow with no children, she makes around BDT 300 ($3.50) daily as a sweeper at a local factory.

Last year, she decided to upgrade her sanitation facilities and purchased a BDT 10,000 ($118) toilet from a local entrepreneur. She is due to pay off her final installment within the next month.

But why did she decide to invest in a toilet?

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eC2: Sanitation Situation Analysis and Option Assessment

Deadline: 26-Mar-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.) waterkraan-nieuws-header

The objective of this assignment is to conduct a comprehensive sanitation situation assessment including current practice, current capacity of sanitation actors, current interventions, barriers/aspirations with regard to sanitation issues in targeted areas. Specific objectives of this assignment are to:
1- Conduct sanitation situational analysis in areas where water supply systems will be developed under WaSSIP. The situation analysis consists of detailed demographical information/data, populations, socio-economic conditions, potential development trends, and current sanitation and hygiene challenges and interventions.
2- Carry out the gap analysis and developments across the locations in order to give some indication on the priority sanitation interventions that would be needed.
3- Carry out preliminary technical and financial assessment of proposed sanitation solution options (including soft and/or hard intervention) in accordance with the findings of situational analysis.

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eC2: Legal Consultant – Improvement of the sanitation system

Deadline: 11-Mar-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)waterkraan-nieuws-header

Assignment Objective:
The Legal Consultant is expected to assist the IFC transaction team, providing guidance to draft the bidding documents and participate during the international bidding process as needed to support the IFC team that would lead the advisory mandate.

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eC2: Enabling Environment and Development of PPP Framework in Urban Sanitation

Deadline: 20-Dec-2018 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)

The Water supply and sanitation subsector is among the focus areas that the Federal untitledDemocratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) has considered among the pro poor sectors. With this understanding the World Bank is extending its support through different interventions. The World Bank Group is supporting the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to achieve its national targets set under GTP II through availing resources to different sectors and sub sectors.
One of the major interventions of the World Bank is the support extended to improve the services delivery in Addis Ababa and 22 secondary towns under the Second Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project (SUWSSP). Implementation of the project is an opportunity to improve sanitation services delivery and water supply in Addis Ababa and in the secondary and regional towns. This project is a logical continuation of the Ethiopian Urban Water Supply and Sanitation project which was closed in December 2017. Unlike the prior projects the SUWSSP has a wider perspective of reaching different segment of the community by adopting City Wide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) approach. The model provides opportunity to start with understanding the context, planning for cost effective solution, and consultation with end users. Except Addis Ababa, all project beneficiary towns had limited experience of delivering sanitation focused project and their current staffing for sanitation is also limited.
The SUWSSP has three major components (i) Addis Ababa sanitation and operational efficiency improvement, (ii) Secondary cities and towns sanitation, water supply, and operational efficiency improvement, and (iii) Program management (Federal and regional level). The first two components further divided into three sub-components focusing on sanitation services improvement, water utilities performance improvement and utility modernization and institutional capacity strengthening.

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3 hard truths about the global sanitation crisis

Today when you go to the toilet, be it in someone’s basic latrine in a rural village you untitledmight be visiting, in a public toilet where you work, or on a comfortable water-flushed ‘loo’ at home, take a moment to think about those not as fortunate as yourself.

As you sit (or squat) and contemplate, consider these three hard truths about sanitation:

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eC2: Formative research and social and behavioral change communication to promote improved water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors in rural

Deadline:  22-Mar-2018 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)

Objective:  The objective of the assignment is to assist the MRD and key stakeholders in the rural WASH sector to develop a SBCC package to promote improved WASH behaviors, with a focus on child-centered behaviors that have the potential to reduce child stunting. The WASH behaviors to be included in the SBCC package consist of (i) promoting latrine adoption among rural households, (ii) promoting Handwashing with Soap (HWWS) among caretakers and children, and (iii) promoting correct Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage (HWTS) for drinking and for preparing infant formula and food. To achieve the above objectives, the assignment requires completion of the following tasks: 1) conducting spot research on behavior related to HWWS of caretakers and children; and HWTS for drinking and for preparation of infant formula and weaning foods; 2) developing an overarching umbrella concept and brand to be used for all future WASH campaigns; and 3) developing a package of behavior-specific SBCC materials to promote latrine adoption, correct HWWS and HWTS.

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Endline Survey for the Impact Evaluation of Overcoming Barriers to Adoption of Sanitation for the Poor Households in the Philippines

Deadline: 20-Feb-2018 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.) water

Objective: The endline survey will be implemented in approximately 15 pre-selected households per barangay (village) across 272 barangays (total of 4,080 households) to collect post-intervention data from 17 selected municipalities in the 5 provinces of Negros Oriental, Cebu, Bohol (Region 7), Leyte and Eastern Samar (Region 8). The endline survey will focus on collecting basic information from households in order to test for balance between treatment and control groups and to understand financial behaviors and practices of participating households. Anticipated modules include: (i) household roster and demographics; (ii) assets, income and labor force participation; (iii) dwelling characteristics; (iv) water sources and drinking water; (v) latrine and sanitation facilities; (vi) program exposure and knowledge of sanitation practices; (vii) credit and savings; (viii) access to finance; (ix) children (under 5) health section and (x) risk aversion behavior. Other key stakeholders of the project will also be interviewed. This includes the participating local government units, regional DSWD staff, and partner MFI and masons.

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