eC2: Advisory of Sustainable and Smart Cities Solutions in LAC

Deadline: 20-Jul-2019 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.) Smart-Cities-All-you-need-to-know

The objective of this consultancy is two-fold. Prepare a pre-feasibility study to explore electric bus and other technological solutions and alternatives for the cities of Cali, Colombia and San Jose, Costa Rica in order to reduce the GHG emission of the transport sector of the cities. In addition, assist the cities to implement EDGE certification pilots for sustainable buildings.

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Money sent home by workers now largest source of external financing in low- and middle-income countries (excluding China)

Article by Donna Barne & Florina Pirlea| www.worldbank.org.

The money workers send home to their families from abroad has become a critical part of many economies around the world. Based on the most recent data, remittances, as this money is called, will only grow in importance. Officially recorded remittances amounted to a record $529 billion in 2018, and are on track to reach $550 billion in 2019.

This money is flowing at about the same levels as foreign direct investment (FDI), but if China is excluded, they are the largest source of foreign exchange earnings in low- and middle-income countries, according to Migration and Remittances Brief 31, published by the World Bank Group and KNOMAD, the Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development. In other words, if China is excluded from the analysis, remittances have already overtaken FDI as the biggest source of external financing.

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Lifelines for Better Development

STORY HIGHLIGHTS Image

  • Resilient infrastructure is about people. Particularly in developing countries, infrastructure disruptions are an everyday concern that affects people’s well-being, economic prospects, and quality of life.
  • There is a significant economic opportunity from investing in resilient infrastructure: the overall net benefit of doing so in developing countries would be $4.2 trillion over the lifetime of new infrastructure.
  • For infrastructure investors, governments, development banks and the private sector the message is clear: rather than just spending more, also spend better

World Refugee Day 2019: Building a stronger international response to the challenge of forced displacement

This year, World Refugee Day finds me in Addis Ababa with representatives from more ethiopia-for-blogthan 50 governments to review the work of the International Development Association (IDA), the arm of the World Bank Group that provides financing to the poorest countries, and discuss priorities for the years ahead. Under its current program, IDA is providing $2 billion to 14 low-income countries which together are hosting 6.4 million refugees, including in Ethiopia. 

Ethiopia is among the countries that is taking major steps forward. Here, for example, we have supported the government in adopting a new legal framework for refugees which will allow them to gradually move out of camps, find jobs, and access education and health services. This is no small measure for the more than 900,000 refugees who are hosted along Ethiopia’s borders with Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, and South Sudan. It is the difference between having a chance to restart their lives or be condemned to dependency and destitution.

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Lifelines for Better Development

Published on http://www.worldbank.org, June 19, 2019

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Resilient infrastructure is about people. Particularly in developing countries, Lifelines22--1-infrastructure disruptions are an everyday concern that affects people’s well-being, economic prospects, and quality of life.
  • There is a significant economic opportunity from investing in resilient infrastructure: the overall net benefit of doing so in developing countries would be $4.2 trillion over the lifetime of new infrastructure.
  • For infrastructure investors, governments, development banks and the private sector the message is clear: rather than just spending more, also spend better

Infrastructure is at the heart of lives and livelihoods. It can enable schools and hospitals, businesses and industry, and access to jobs and prosperity. In developing countries, however, disruptions to infrastructure are an everyday concern, reducing opportunities for employment, hampering health and education, and limiting economic growth.

In low and middle-income countries, direct damages from natural hazards to power generation and transport alone cost $18 billion a year, cutting into the already scarce budget of road agencies and power utilities. But the main impact of natural shocks on infrastructure is through the disruptions they impose on people and communities, for instance, businesses unable to keep factories running or use the internet to take orders and process payments; or on the households that don’t have the water they need to prepare meals or on people unable to go to work, send children to school, or get to a hospital.

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A private-sector role in managing land administration? We did our homework

In this blog space in October 2017, we discussed the role of private sector in land administration and mentioned our unit would undertake an assessment and conduct landmanagementglobal consultations on the issue. Our idea was to discuss current experience and explore ways to enhance this kind of partnership.

Last month in Vienna, we completed the third consultation where 40-some participants joined us—split equally between government and private sector representatives. This followed two consultations held in Dubai last October and Kuala Lumpur in February.

Our consultations addressed several questions:

•    What models of PPP in land administration should be considered?
•    What are their minimum requirements?
•    What risks are involved and how can they be mitigated?

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In Small Island States, Resilient Transport is Providing a Lifeline Against Disasters

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Due to their size and location, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are particularlyA man stands next to a bridge on the East Cape Road. The East Ca vulnerable to climate risk.
  • When disaster strikes, damage to transport systems typically makes up a large share of overall losses, and is often one of the main obstacles to recovery.
  • The World Bank is answering the call with unprecedented support to the transport sector in small island states. A total of eight transport projects have been approved in SIDS over the last year, all of which include a resilience component.

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Caribbean beaches are littered with single-use plastics

Article by Karin Kemper & Tahseen Sayed, www.blogs.worldbank.org

Concern about the world’s oceans is growing. Overfishing threatens fisheries, coral reefs caribbeanpollutionare declining and disappearing, and the number of dead zones is increasing. A dearth of waste management on land results in pollutants and debris, including plastics, finding a home in the ocean.

A new World Bank report, Marine Pollution in the Caribbean: Not a Minute to Waste, analyzes the causes and offers solutions for ocean pollution in one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations, now a hotspot for marine debris, especially plastics.

In the Caribbean and around the world, plastics and other waste are more likely to end up in the oceans when waste is poorly managed, such as through open dumping, open burning, and disposal in waterways.

The marine litter found in the Caribbean comes both from the region and from northern waters, brought in by prevailing currents.

Studies have measured the concentration of plastics across the Caribbean Sea and found as many as 200,000 pieces of plastic per square kilometer in the northeastern Caribbean, according to the report.

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Is the urban water and sanitation sector frozen in time?

Blog by Caroline van den Berg, World Bank Group

If time travel were possible, and an engineer from the 1860s could travel in time to 2019, sewage_pipes_under_london_19th_century_wellcome_l0000616he (the first female engineer had not graduated yet) would not recognize much of the technology we have today.  Personal computers, cell phones, cars, planes, and antibiotics would probably be unfathomable to him.   But he would definitely recognize our current piped water and sanitation (WSS) infrastructure, as it looks and operates almost exactly the same as it did 150 years ago.  Certainly, there have been significant improvements in the sector, especially in water and wastewater treatment, but the principles on which the piped WSS technology is based have not seen any fundamental changes since the 1860s, when it was (re)introduced on a large scale.

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Is taxing sugar-sweetened beverages a sweet deal?

Blog by Ceren Ozer. Published on http://www.worldbank.org on
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSB)[i] are a well-recognized adversary in the fight against sugary_drink_1140x500.pngobesity and the quest for better public health. Interest in discouraging consumption through higher taxes is growing as more jurisdictions impose them and as we learn more from their experiences. Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes are one of three taxes for health highlighted in a recently published report by the Task Force on Fiscal Policy for Health.
Many are asking: are taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages are really a sweet deal? Does such a tax enable policy makers to improve health outcomes by reducing unhealthy consumption? And does it help generate additional tax revenue for more spending on human capital?

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