Gas flaring, the burning of natural gas associated with oil extraction, takes place due to a range of issues, from market and economic constraints, to a lack of appropriate regulation and political will. The practice results in a range of pollutants released into the atmosphere, including carbon dioxide, methane and black carbon (soot).
The Global Gas Flaring Tracker finds that oil production declined by 8% (from 82 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2019 to 76 million b/d in 2020), while global gas flaring reduced by 5% (from 150 billion cubic meters (bcm) in 2019 to 142 bcm in 2020).
Russia, Iraq, Iran, the United States, Algeria, Venezuela and Nigeria remain the top seven gas flaring countries for nine years running. These seven countries produce 40% of the world’s oil each year, but account for roughly two-thirds (65%) of global gas flaring.
The fast spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has resulted in the emergence of several hot-spots around the world. Several of these are located in areas associated with high levels of air pollution. This study investigates the relationship between exposure to particulate matter and COVID-19 incidence in 355 municipalities in the Netherlands. The results show that atmospheric particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5 is a highly significant predictor of the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases and related hospital admissions. The estimates suggest that expected COVID-19 cases increase by nearly 100 percent when pollution concentrations increase by 20 percent.
Deadline: 19-Mar-2020 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)
The scope of the assignment shall cover the major topics that need to be considered by policymakers and regulators when establishing a new market for offshore wind development. These shall include, but not be limited to, the following points:
1. Policy discussion on successful policy measures including drivers, targets;
2. Pre-development geospatial planning and technical studies, including zoning;
3. Stakeholder identification and consultation;
4. Legal key legislation to facilitate project development and delivery;
5. Environmental and social policies to ensure sustainable offshore wind development
6. Health & safety referencing best practice from Europe and related sectors (e.g. oil and gas);
7. Consenting roles and responsibilities between agencies and building public sector capacity;
8. Transmission models for development, financing and ownership of transmission;
9. Grid integration best practice in integration of offshore wind into grids
10. Tariff and bankability offtake mechanisms to ensure bankable revenue;
11. Project solicitation identification of sites, competitive methodologies for awarding rights;
12. Supply chain approaches to support and encourage local supply chain and infrastructure development (e.g. ports);
13. Financing project structures to minimize risk (both on public and private elements)
Full Terms of Reference (TOR) will be included in a future Request for Proposals (RFP) which will be issued to Consultants that are shortlisted from this REOI.
Deadline: 02-Mar-2020 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)
Launched in 2008, the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) (http://www.2030wrg.org) aims to help countries facilitate collective action among government, the private sector, and civil society to improve water resources management. 2030 WRG does so by: (a) creating the wider political economy conditions and momentum for change in water sector reform; (b) facilitating collaboration and awareness building within the water resources community, including the private sector; and, (c) improving the design and implementation of a comprehensive and innovative set of policies, programs and projects in selected countries or regions in order to increase their water security.
Just over a decade out from the SDG deadline of 2030, many developing countries are not on track to meet Universal Health Coverage (UHC) targets to ensure access to quality, affordable health services to all. People in developing countries pay over half a trillion dollars annually out-of-pocket for health services, which is pushing about 100 million people into extreme poverty each year. The evidence is strong that progress towards UHC would spur not just better health but also inclusive and sustainable economic growth, yet this report estimates that in 2030 there will be a UHC financing gap of $176 billion in the 54 poorest countries. This threatens decades-long progress on health, endangers countries’ long-term economic prospects, and makes them more vulnerable to pandemic risks. This report, launched to inform the first-ever G20 Finance and Health Ministers session in Osaka, Japan in June 2019, lays out an action agenda for countries and development partners to bridge the UHC financing gap, and makes a strong case for a focus on innovation in health financing over the next decade.
Resilient infrastructure is about people. Particularly in developing countries, infrastructure disruptions are an everyday concern that affects people’s well-being, economic prospects, and quality of life.
There is a significant economic opportunity from investing in resilient infrastructure: the overall net benefit of doing so in developing countries would be $4.2 trillion over the lifetime of new infrastructure.
For infrastructure investors, governments, development banks and the private sector the message is clear: rather than just spending more, also spend better
Infrastructure is at the heart of lives and livelihoods. It can enable schools and hospitals, businesses and industry, and access to jobs and prosperity. In developing countries, however, disruptions to infrastructure are an everyday concern, reducing opportunities for employment, hampering health and education, and limiting economic growth.
In low and middle-income countries, direct damages from natural hazards to power generation and transport alone cost $18 billion a year, cutting into the already scarce budget of road agencies and power utilities. But the main impact of natural shocks on infrastructure is through the disruptions they impose on people and communities, for instance, businesses unable to keep factories running or use the internet to take orders and process payments; or on the households that don’t have the water they need to prepare meals or on people unable to go to work, send children to school, or get to a hospital.
For African cities to grow economically as they have grown in size, they must create productive environments to attract investments, increase economic efficiency, and create livable environments that prevent urban costs from rising with increased population densification. What are the central obstacles that prevent African cities and towns from becoming sustainable engines of economic growth and prosperity? Among the most critical factors that limit the growth and livability of urban areas are land markets, investments in public infrastructure and assets, and the institutions to enable both. To unleash the potential of African cities and towns for delivering services and employment in a livable and environmentally friendly environment, a sequenced approach is needed to reform institutions and policies and to target infrastructure investments. This book lays out three foundations that need fixing to guide cities and towns throughout Sub-Saharan Africa on their way to productivity and livability.
Deadline: 28-Nov-2018 at 11:59:59 PM (Eastern Time – Washington D.C.)
(i)S&T19: The 2019 report will focus on providing an updated overview of existing and emerging carbon pricing initiatives around the world including national, sub-national and corporate activities, emissions trading systems, carbon taxes, and crediting mechanisms Building on the efforts made in 2018, it will include a discussion on the carbon pricing trends. It will also address the feedback received last year and focus on developing clearer lessons learned from the various carbon pricing initiatives and from various publications (including WBG ones), improved infographics featuring key facts and numbers. In addition, it will feature a section on the various ways to price carbon, including through implicit and negative carbon pricing policies. Finally, the report will continue to complete the online dashboard that was launched in 2017, and which allows for direct access to this data and more regular updates. This report is expected to have approximately about 50 pages.