Non-economic impacts of migration – winners and losers

In observance of the International Migrants Day, Dec 18

An Aging Nation

Chart 1: Ratio of working-age adults per retirement-age person

Immigration has a positive influence on the social and cultural fabric in host countries. In addition to its economic benefits which are well discussed in the World Bank Group Report, migration has a wide range of non-economic benefits for receiving countries. In host countries, immigration can help reverse or at least delay demographic decline and population aging due declining fertility. According to the US Census Bureau (2018),the ratio of working age adults to retirement-age persons is projected to decline to 2.5 by 2060, from 3.5 in 2020 (Chart 1). However, projections indicate that US population growth will be primarily driven by immigration after 2030 (See Chart 2).


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