What You Need to Know About the Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) of Carbon Credits

A wide array of programs and markets around the world offer to deliver, buy, and sell  emissions reduction credits (ERCs) —commonly known as carbon credits—with mixed reactions and results. How can buyers know that the carbon credits they purchase are real? And how does the World Bank ensure that its emission reductions programs are fully inclusive and benefit the people and communities participating in them? We asked Andres Espejo, Senior Carbon Finance Specialist in the World Bank’s Climate Change Fund Management Unit, to explain the role of Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) in calculating carbon credits.

What is MRV and why is MRV important to mitigation efforts?Climate-Explainer-Series-banner-with-WBG-COP27-branding

Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) refers to the multi-step process to measure the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduced by a specific mitigation activity, such as reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, over a period of time and report these findings to an accredited third party. The third party then verifies the report so that the results can be certified and carbon credits can be issued.

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